NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS 2013
The Nobel Prize in Physics 2013 was awarded jointly to François Englert (Belgium)and Peter W. Higgs(U.K) "for the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle, by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider".
In 1964, they proposed the theory independently of each other. In 2012, their ideas were confirmed
by the discovery of a so called Higgs particle at the CERN laboratory outside Geneva in Switzerland.
On 4 July 2012, at the CERN laboratory for particle physics, the theory was confirmed by the discovery of a Higgs particle. CERN’s particle collider, LHC (Large Hadron Collider), is probably the largest and the most complex machine ever constructed by humans. Two research groups of some 3,000 scientists each, ATLAS and CMS, managed to extract the Higgs particle from billions of particle collisions in the LHC.